An eclipse event noted in the KTU 1. Date the Exodus where you wish, but BCE must now be included in the discussion.
- From Birth To Death – The Story of Moses!
- Über die Einordnung des antiken Lehrgedichts in der Literaturwissenschaft anhand von Beispielen (German Edition)?
- No hay silencio que no termine (Spanish Edition)?
- Your Viewing History;
- Notes and Commentary on Joshua 1–24;
- Top 10 Examples of Faith in the Bible for Sunday School.
- Moon River.
He boasts of defeating them. Trude Dothan and Moshe Dothan. People of the Sea: The Search for the Philistines.
From Birth To Death – The Story of Moses
True, two sherds out of hundreds were not much, but their very presence was provocative: Hazor was, after all, miles from the core Philistine settlement. Jeremiah predicted a 70 year Babylonian Exile for Judah. God would destroy Babylon, its inhabitants would become slaves, and Judah would be set free to return to the Promised Land. Jerusalem would be rebuilt, so too the Temple of Solomon, and a Messiah would reign of the line of David, and house of Judah.
One of the tasks laid on the Messiah was that he would rebuild the Temple in Jerusalem.
It will be after God overthrows the Throne of Kings and its army of chariots and horsemen. This is a veiled reference to the Persian Empire. God never brought to Jerusalem, all the kings of the earth, client kings of the Persian Empire, to attack the city. However, in BC Alexander the Great of Macedonia did overthrow the Throne of kings, the Persian empire, and he released its gold an silver as Greek coins, bearing his image as the head of Hercules wearing a lion-skin head-dress and a seated Zeus on the reverse.
Earlier gold and silver coins showed the Persian monarch striding into battle with a bow and spear or sword. The Messianic Age was envisioned by Jeremiah as beginning with the fall of Babylon, after 70 years of Exile. He was then a Persian appointed governor of the province of Yehud Judah. What a ridiculous problem? Bible and Exodus is not a history book but an interpretation of history.
Generally, persons and places in Bible refer to historical data since the 8th cent. People have a short memory. The narrative has been worked over a number of times which cast doubt on the authenticity of the texts. What we have here is the aspect of objectification, by which intense or significant experiences of God are portrayed in the form of objective events. The point of the narrative is to bring out the significance of this birth in the history of Israel and to stress the value of trust in God even in adversity and apparent disappointment.
At the same time, we encounter the aspect of retrojection, by which present interests and concerns are projected into the past, to become exemplary paradigms which enshrine a set of values, hopes and ways of life. In this sense, the narrative was written and shaped to express interests and hopes of post-exilic Israel, and projected into an ancient past, to a time beyond the possibility of realistic recollection.
Therefore many of the concerns of those exiled in Babylon and returning to Jerusalem would be expressed in an ancient heroic saga of mighty and visible acts of God to liberate and establish Israel in her own land. When the historicity of events in Exodus is literary and linguistically analyzed, they contain a large amount of legendary material. Some cases in point, did the Exodus happen as it is recorded in the Tanakh?
Did the sea roll back at his bidding? Did the king of Egypt and all his army drown? Many historians, scholars and students of scripture will promptly answer no. These narratives are highly stylized, literary compilations from various traditions, with many editorial revisions and expansions that have accumulated new miraculous features each time.
They employ the mechanism of magnification, whereby encounters with God are depicted in magnificent grandeur. God proclaims the Ten Commandments from a flaming mountain to the accompaniment of trumpets and in a voice heard by all the people. In short, they magnify the mighty acts of God into clear and unambiguous demonstrations of his power. In reality, it was probably vaguer and less impressive.
The names mentioned does not support a 12th century exodus any more than a 12th century recount of the events. My take is a 15th century albeit late 15th, not mid exodus is still not ruled out. Reference to Zoan Tanis? I dare say more than belief but absolute acceptance that it is true. For good reason. All of the lineage , rituals and traditions are based on this date.
In this planetary genocide only 8 humans and a wooden boatload of fauna survived. Understanding the foundational premise for all of Hebrew ideology one can understand the mindset of the authors of the mythistory. All of World History reveal there were many civilizations thriving in that timeframe. Countless millions of facts and artifacts support genuine history.
They would have been the most famous humans on the planet yet they are phantoms in genuine history they even vanish in the portrayal. Because they were mythical characters in a Bronze age fable. One can look at the instructions given by the HEBREW deity and clearly see it portrays an anthropomorphic primitive ethnocentric tribal warlord.
The primitive manner in which the culture existed for millennia polygamy,marketing of slaves and keeping multiple sex slaves etc and their lack of understanding of even basic natural law clearly reveal the source for the mythology. Primitive nomadic ethnocentric ignorant tribal concepts are the basis for the entire mythology. When one reads any text and it reads like a primitive fable because the details are implausible and irrational it should be a hint. From the Garden of Eden, Paradise Lost, portrayal; to the portrayal of Moses as a magician who led his tribe out of Egypt where they had been kept as slaves for centuries.
These ancient bronze age myths have no basis in actual history. Like most novels there is a smattering of exaggerated actual history thrown in to make it appear somewhat interesting. The foundation for all Abrahamic cultic ideology is a primitive mythology from the imagination of men who used it to justify ethnocentric cleansing for millennia. The deity YHWH is portrayed over and again as being a tyrant who commits genocide.
Go and kill and take and occupy. We live in an information age of high technology. Yet we are culturally, thru ritual , traditions and ideologies, still in When the entity or their agents offering protection and salvation is portrayed as having committed countless acts of ethnocentric and even planetary genocide; and threatens to return and repeat the same; you can be certain it is not a moral, intelligent being of any sort. We can perceive much of the nature and character and intelligence of those who wrote the mythistory of Moses.
When superstition , fear and ignorance are the basis for a cultures ideology they will be easily led to commit atrocities. In the name of the gods and tribalist, nationalist perspective. The portrayal of MOSES as a hero speaks to the character and mentality of those who to this day deem it such.. Did they have a leader named Moses? Maybe…maybe not. Did a miraculous crossing of the Red Sea happen followed by God eventually giving them the 10 Commandments, etc on their way to Israel?
Again…maybe or maybe not.
I find the research fascinated though! In my equinox year chronology Solomon is around BC, then assuming that 40 years is a generation which is around 25 years: 1 Patriarchal age would become to the 14th century, the Tell-el-Amarna age the hypothesis by Cyrus Gordon. In Genesis Ramesses would fit. The cities mentioned in the exodus story seem to exist in that time, and Ai was inhabited BCE.
Finkelstein also mentions a general destruction in the Late Iron age 1. I read your article with interest and more particularly the parts devoted to chronology because as an assyriologist I am specialized in absolute chronology. You know that establishing a reliable chronology is difficult but when using astronomical data one avoids the usual choices between high and low chronologies.
You will see, if you read the 3 articles below, that the Egyptian chronology can be anchored on absolute dates fixed by astronomy and notably the period during which the Exodus took place. So please, do not insult people when they are BANG ON with historical and archaeological evidence that proves beyond doubt that Exodus is nothing more than an exciting but fantasy story involving the desire of enslaved peoples to be free.
But of course! Websites like this one are actually misleading a lot of people. Not only is the Exodus a dead issue, the enslavement, sojourn and military conquest of Canaan are also dead issues. The early books of the Bible are simply wrong, these events did not happen.
The Book of Joshua: Victorious Conquest ( - ) (high definition video)
But I suppose there is money to be made from gullible readers who do not know what archaeology is. Vadim, you just left an archaeological trail that 1,, Jews left the Soviet for Israel. Future akeologists are likely to get digging in old internet files. In ancient Egypt, they were also careful to write down important information; it is strange that nothing is mentioned about the Jews in all texts that remain from the time of exudus.
The cities of Pi Ramses and Pi Atum. I don;t think the former city would be named before a Ramses became pharaoh.. Pi Atum seemingly was named for Aten, the heretical god. Ramses came along more than a hundred years after the Atenism was suppressed. For a Ramesside to name a city for Atum would be like a. In s totally assimilated, non-religious, non-circumcised Jews got up and left the totalitarian Soviet Union. That occurred shortly after H. The people were denied exit visas, lost relatives, jobs, etc. In the Soviet Union mention of Jewish emigration in press or in public speeches was outlawed.
Nothing much was evident in Israel, where these highly educated, energetic immigrants were resented by local Jews. Nothing showed except sudden apartment construction, engineering and scientific boom in Israel and unexpected collapse of the Soviet Union. What should archeologist and historians say years from now?